文章摘要
唐杨琛,顾朋颖,靳松,陈晨,黄昆.80岁以上老年人多重用药的临床观察[J].中国临床保健杂志,2018,21(2):156-159.
80岁以上老年人多重用药的临床观察
Clinical observation of polypharmacy in the elderly aged over 80 years
投稿时间:2018-01-20  
DOI:10.3969/J.issn.1672-6790.2018.02.004
中文关键词: 多种药物疗法  综合评估  处方不当  药物不良反应  老年人,80以上
英文关键词: Polypharmacy  Comprehensive evaluation  Inappropriate prescribing  Adverse drug reaction  Aged,80 and over
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
唐杨琛 中国科学技术大学附属第一医院安徽省立医院南区老年医学科,合肥 230036 tangyangchen@126.com 
顾朋颖 中国科学技术大学附属第一医院安徽省立医院南区老年医学科,合肥 230036 hellengpy@163.com 
靳松 中国科学技术大学附属第一医院安徽省立医院南区老年医学科,合肥 230036  
陈晨 中国科学技术大学附属第一医院安徽省立医院南区 药剂科,合肥 230036  
黄昆 中国科学技术大学附属第一医院安徽省立医院南区老年医学科,合肥 230036  
摘要点击次数: 255
全文下载次数: 179
中文摘要:
      目的 研究≥80岁老年人多重用药现状及服药种类和数量与药物不良反应(ADR)发生的关系。方法 收集119例年龄≥80岁的住院患者病例资料,记录出院带药种类和数量;并对其进行3个月的门诊随访,记录其服药情况和相关不良反应种类和数量。结果 119例老年人中,临床诊断最多者12项,平均6项。多重用药(日口服用药种类>5种)98例(占82.4%),且多重用药者发生率的增加与年龄增长有显著相关性;出院带药种类最多者12种,人均(6.7±4.2)种;出院带药每日口服药物数量最多者42粒,人均服药数量(20.2±8.6)粒;口服药的种类与数目的增加均会使得ADR发生率显著增长。结论 ≥80岁老年人多重用药现状不容乐观。老年人随年龄增长带来的慢性疾病增加、用药种类数目上升,导致ADR的增加。应加强医护人员对老年人的用药指导,以降低老年人多重用药的程度,减少药物不良反应。
英文摘要:
      Objective To study the current situation of multiple drug use in elderly people over 80 years old and the relationship between the type and quantity of medication and adverse drug reactions.Methods The hospitalized patients aged >80 years were collected.The drug kinds and numbers of patients with discharge were recorded.Outpatients were followed up for 3 months and their medication and related adverse reactions were recorded.Results Total of 119 elderly people were included in this study,including 78 males and 41 females; their ages ranged from 80 to 99 years.In the elderly,the average per capita drug intake was (6.7±4.2),and the average per capita drug consumption was (20.2±8.6).The prevalence of multiple drug use was 82.4%(98 persons).The increase of the kinds and numbers of oral drugs could cause ADR The incidence of significant increase.Conclusions The prevalence of polypharmacy is high and caused the increasing of ADR.Instructions should be given to the aged to improve the patient′s quality of life and the compliance of medicine.
查看全文     下载PDF阅读器
关闭
分享按钮